In Somalia, Literacy rates are estimated to be among st the lowest in the world.
As a result of the lack of education opportunities during and after the civil war literacy rates now vary between 35% for urban areas and 11% for rural/nomadic areas.
UNICEF estimates Gross En enrollment Ratio in primary schools to be 14% for girls and 19% for boys.
UNESCO estimates that the vast majority of the 14-20 year age group is out of school and with very limited access to education and skills training.
In a recent study by UNICEF (Child protection study 2003) covering all three zones of Somalia and encompassed urban, rural and pastoral families, lack of employment and poverty were consistently ranked the most common problems and potentially the most common causes of other social problems.
However, Education is vital to the social and economic integration of future generations. East Africa Consortium International Organization places a significant focus on this sector to ensure that Somali children and youth affected by conflict can continue to pursue their education.
Programs include a wide range of activities: teacher training, vocational skill training, constructing/rehabilitation of school infrastructures, providing books and classroom furniture to under resourced schools, and promoting gender equality and equal access to education.
The forced eviction furthermore interrupted access to education. Respondents said that,
- Schools are not available at the new location and the closest ones are too far for children to walk there.
- Early marriage due to opportunistic parents, who force there girls to get married in order to get income from the man.
- Over population which made most of the school fail to enroll more children.
- Negligence and illiteracy from the parents which made not to care about their children.
- General insecurity